Plant terpenes are a natural component of cannabis that gives the plant a potent aromaticity. Cannabis varieties have a complex scent and flavor because of terpenes, such as citrus, pine, and mint. As of now, over 200 terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant; each cannabis strain has a unique terpene profile. It should be noted that terpenes are not exclusive to cannabis plants. In fact, they are produced by a variety of plants, especially conifers.
Terpenes are a major component of resin and are secreted in trichomes, which are tiny hairs that produce secretion. These glands also produce cannabinoids such as CBD and THC. Like cannabinoids, terpenes bind to receptors in the brain and give rise to various effects. Terpenes can alter how and when cannabinoids bind to their receptors. This is known as the synergistic effect or the entourage effect. Terpenoids and cannabinoids both increase blood flow, enhance cortical activity, and kill respiratory pathogens. Terpenes have been found to alleviate stress when ingested or smoked. They also appear to aid in sleeping and promote a more acute mental awareness.
The aromatic quality of terpenes in the cannabis plant also appeals to connoisseurs of the plant by elevating its desirability, much like the smell of wine or a fine cigar heightens the item’s appeal. The terpenoid profile can vary considerably from strain to strain. Patients who abandon a suitable strain for one with higher THC and/or CBD content may not get more relief if the terpenoid profile is significantly different.